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Manual Pages  — DUP3

NAME

dup3 – duplicate an existing file descriptor

CONTENTS

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>

int
dup3(int oldd, int newd, int flags);

DESCRIPTION

The dup3() function duplicates an existing object descriptor while allowing the value of the new descriptor to be specified.

The close-on-exec flag on the new file descriptor is determined by the O_CLOEXEC bit in flags.

If olddnewd and flags == 0, the behavior is identical to dup2(oldd, newd).

If oldd == newd, then dup3() fails, unlike dup2(2).

RETURN VALUES

The value -1 is returned if an error occurs. The external variable errno indicates the cause of the error.

ERRORS

The dup3() function fails if:
[EBADF]
  The oldd argument is not a valid active descriptor or the newd argument is negative or exceeds the maximum allowable descriptor number
[EINVAL]
  The oldd argument is equal to the newd argument.
[EINVAL]
  The flags argument has bits set other than O_CLOEXEC.

SEE ALSO

accept(2), close(2), dup2(2), fcntl(2), getdtablesize(2), open(2), pipe(2), socket(2), socketpair(2)

STANDARDS

The dup3() function does not conform to any standard.

HISTORY

The dup3() function appeared in FreeBSD 10.0 .

DUP3 (3) August 16, 2013

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The last good thing written in C was Franz Schubert's Symphony #9.
— Erwin Dietrich