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Manual Pages  — IF_NAMETOINDEX

NAME

if_nametoindex, if_indextoname, if_nameindex, if_freenameindex – provide mappings between interface names and indexes

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <net/if.h>

unsigned int
if_nametoindex(const char *ifname);

char *
if_indextoname(unsigned int ifindex, char *ifname);

struct if_nameindex *
if_nameindex(void);

void
if_freenameindex(struct if_nameindex *ptr);

DESCRIPTION

The if_nametoindex() function maps the interface name specified in ifname to its corresponding index. If the specified interface does not exist, it returns 0.

The if_indextoname() function maps the interface index specified in ifindex to it corresponding name, which is copied into the buffer pointed to by ifname, which must be of at least IFNAMSIZ bytes. This pointer is also the return value of the function. If there is no interface corresponding to the specified index, NULL is returned.

The if_nameindex() function returns an array of if_nameindex structures, one structure per interface, as defined in the include file <net/if.h>. The if_nameindex structure contains at least the following entries:

    unsigned int   if_index;  /* 1, 2, ... */
    char          *if_name;   /* null terminated name: "le0", ... */

The end of the array of structures is indicated by a structure with an if_index of 0 and an if_name of NULL. A NULL pointer is returned upon an error.

The if_freenameindex() function frees the dynamic memory that was allocated by if_nameindex().

RETURN VALUES

Upon successful completion, if_nametoindex() returns the index number of the interface. If the interface is not found, a value of 0 is returned and errno is set to ENXIO. A value of 0 is also returned if an error occurs while retrieving the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3).

Upon successful completion, if_indextoname() returns ifname. If the interface is not found, a NULL pointer is returned and errno is set to ENXIO. A NULL pointer is also returned if an error occurs while retrieving the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3).

The if_nameindex() returns a NULL pointer if an error occurs while retrieving the list of interfaces via getifaddrs(3), or if sufficient memory cannot be allocated.

SEE ALSO

getifaddrs(3), networking(4)

STANDARDS

The if_nametoindex(), if_indextoname(), if_nameindex(), and if_freenameindex() functions conform to RFC 2553.

HISTORY

The implementation first appeared in BSDi
.Bsx .

IF_NAMETOINDEX (3) November 23, 2005

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