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Manual Pages  — GETTTYENT


getttyent, getttynam, setttyent, endttyent, isdialuptty, isnetttyttys(5) file routines



Standard C Library (libc, -lc)


#include <ttyent.h>

struct ttyent *

struct ttyent *
getttynam(const char *name);



isdialuptty(const char *name);

isnettty(const char *name);


The getttyent(), and getttynam() functions each return a pointer to an object, with the following structure, containing the broken-out fields of a line from the tty description file.
struct ttyent {
        char    *ty_name;       /* terminal device name */
        char    *ty_getty;      /* command to execute, usually getty */
        char    *ty_type;       /* terminal type for termcap */
#define TTY_ON          0x01    /* enable logins (start ty_getty program) */
#define TTY_SECURE      0x02    /* allow uid of 0 to login */
#define TTY_DIALUP      0x04    /* is a dialup tty */
#define TTY_NETWORK     0x08    /* is a network tty */
#define TTY_IFEXISTS    0x10    /* configured as "onifexists" */
#define TTY_IFCONSOLE   0x20    /* configured as "onifconsole" */
        int     ty_status;      /* status flags */
        char    *ty_window;     /* command to start up window manager */
        char    *ty_comment;    /* comment field */
        char    *ty_group;      /* tty group name */

The fields are as follows:
  The name of the character-special file.
  The name of the command invoked by init(8) to initialize tty line characteristics.
  The name of the default terminal type connected to this tty line.
  A mask of bit fields which indicate various actions allowed on this tty line. The possible flags are as follows:
TTY_ON Enables logins (i.e., init(8) will start the command referenced by ty_getty on this entry).
TTY_SECURE Allow users with a uid of 0 to login on this terminal.
TTY_DIALUP Identifies a tty as a dialin line. If this flag is set, then isdialuptty() will return a non-zero value.
  Identifies a tty used for network connections. If this flag is set, then isnettty() will return a non-zero value.
  Identifies a tty that does not neccessarily exist.
  Identifies a tty that might be a system console.
  The command to execute for a window system associated with the line.
  A group name to which the tty belongs. If no group is specified in the ttys description file, then the tty is placed in an anonymous group called "none".
  Any trailing comment field, with any leading hash marks (``#'') or whitespace removed.

If any of the fields pointing to character strings are unspecified, they are returned as null pointers. The field ty_status will be zero if no flag values are specified.

See ttys(5) for a more complete discussion of the meaning and usage of the fields.

The getttyent() function reads the next line from the ttys file, opening the file if necessary. The setttyent() function rewinds the file if open, or opens the file if it is unopened. The endttyent() function closes any open files.

The getttynam() function searches from the beginning of the file until a matching name is found (or until EOF is encountered).


The routines getttyent() and getttynam() return a null pointer on EOF or error. The setttyent() function and endttyent() return 0 on failure and 1 on success.

The routines isdialuptty() and isnettty() return non-zero if the dialup or network flag is set for the tty entry relating to the tty named by the argument, and zero otherwise.




login(1), gettytab(5), termcap(5), ttys(5), getty(8), init(8)


The getttyent(), getttynam(), setttyent(), and endttyent() functions appeared in BSD 4.3 .


These functions use static data storage; if the data is needed for future use, it should be copied before any subsequent calls overwrite it.

GETTTYENT (3) November 17, 1996

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