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Manual Pages  — KRB5_PRINCIPAL


krb5_get_default_principal, krb5_principal, krb5_build_principal, krb5_build_principal_ext, krb5_build_principal_va, krb5_build_principal_va_ext, krb5_copy_principal, krb5_free_principal, krb5_make_principal, krb5_parse_name, krb5_parse_name_flags, krb5_parse_nametype, krb5_princ_set_realm, krb5_principal_compare, krb5_principal_compare_any_realm, krb5_principal_get_comp_string, krb5_principal_get_realm, krb5_principal_get_type, krb5_principal_match, krb5_principal_set_type, krb5_realm_compare, krb5_sname_to_principal, krb5_sock_to_principal, krb5_unparse_name, krb5_unparse_name_flags, krb5_unparse_name_fixed, krb5_unparse_name_fixed_flags, krb5_unparse_name_fixed_short, krb5_unparse_name_short – Kerberos 5 principal handling functions



Kerberos 5 Library (libkrb5, -lkrb5)


#include <krb5.h>

krb5_free_principal(krb5_context context, krb5_principal principal);

krb5_parse_name(krb5_context context, const char *name, krb5_principal *principal);

krb5_parse_name_flags(krb5_context context, const char *name, int flags, krb5_principal *principal);

krb5_unparse_name(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, char **name);

krb5_unparse_name_flags(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, int flags, char **name);

krb5_unparse_name_fixed(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, char *name, size_t len);

krb5_unparse_name_fixed_flags(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, int flags, char *name, size_t len);

krb5_unparse_name_short(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, char **name);

krb5_unparse_name_fixed_short(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, char *name, size_t len);

krb5_princ_set_realm(krb5_context context, krb5_principal principal, krb5_realm *realm);

krb5_build_principal(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *principal, int rlen, krb5_const_realm realm, ...);

krb5_build_principal_va(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *principal, int rlen, krb5_const_realm realm, va_list ap);

krb5_build_principal_ext(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *principal, int rlen, krb5_const_realm realm, ...);

krb5_build_principal_va_ext(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *principal, int rlen, krb5_const_realm realm, va_list ap);

krb5_make_principal(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *principal, krb5_const_realm realm, ...);

krb5_copy_principal(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal inprinc, krb5_principal *outprinc);

krb5_principal_compare(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal princ1, krb5_const_principal princ2);

krb5_principal_compare_any_realm(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal princ1, krb5_const_principal princ2);

const char *
krb5_principal_get_comp_string(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, unsigned int component);

const char *
krb5_principal_get_realm(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal);

krb5_principal_get_type(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal);

krb5_principal_match(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal principal, krb5_const_principal pattern);

krb5_principal_set_type(krb5_context context, krb5_principal principal, int type);

krb5_realm_compare(krb5_context context, krb5_const_principal princ1, krb5_const_principal princ2);

krb5_sname_to_principal(krb5_context context, const char *hostname, const char *sname, int32_t type, krb5_principal *ret_princ);

krb5_sock_to_principal(krb5_context context, int socket, const char *sname, int32_t type, krb5_principal *principal);

krb5_get_default_principal(krb5_context context, krb5_principal *princ);

krb5_parse_nametype(krb5_context context, const char *str, int32_t *type);


krb5_principal holds the name of a user or service in Kerberos.

A principal has two parts, a PrincipalName and a realm. The PrincipalName consists of one or more components. In printed form, the components are separated by /. The PrincipalName also has a name-type.

Examples of a principal are nisse/root@EXAMPLE.COM and host/datan.kth.se@KTH.SE. krb5_parse_name() and krb5_parse_name_flags() passes a principal name in name to the kerberos principal structure. krb5_parse_name_flags() takes an extra flags argument the following flags can be passed in
  requires the input string to be without a realm, and no realm is stored in the principal return argument.
  requires the input string to with a realm.

krb5_unparse_name() and krb5_unparse_name_flags() prints the principal princ to the string name. name should be freed with free(3). To the flags argument the following flags can be passed in
  no realm if the realm is one of the local realms.
  never include any realm in the principal name.
  don't quote
On failure name is set to NULL. krb5_unparse_name_fixed() and krb5_unparse_name_fixed_flags() behaves just like krb5_unparse(), but instead unparses the principal into a fixed size buffer.

krb5_unparse_name_short() just returns the principal without the realm if the principal is in the default realm. If the principal isn't, the full name is returned. krb5_unparse_name_fixed_short() works just like krb5_unparse_name_short() but on a fixed size buffer.

krb5_build_principal() builds a principal from the realm realm that has the length rlen. The following arguments form the components of the principal. The list of components is terminated with NULL.

krb5_build_principal_va() works like krb5_build_principal() using vargs.

krb5_build_principal_ext() and krb5_build_principal_va_ext() take a list of length-value pairs, the list is terminated with a zero length.

krb5_make_principal() works the same way as krb5_build_principal(), except it figures out the length of the realm itself.

krb5_copy_principal() makes a copy of a principal. The copy needs to be freed with krb5_free_principal().

krb5_principal_compare() compares the two principals, including realm of the principals and returns TRUE if they are the same and FALSE if not.

krb5_principal_compare_any_realm() works the same way as krb5_principal_compare() but doesn't compare the realm component of the principal.

krb5_realm_compare() compares the realms of the two principals and returns TRUE is they are the same, and FALSE if not.

krb5_principal_match() matches a principal against a pattern. The pattern is a globbing expression, where each component (separated by /) is matched against the corresponding component of the principal.

The krb5_principal_get_realm() and krb5_principal_get_comp_string() functions return parts of the principal, either the realm or a specific component. Both functions return string pointers to data inside the principal, so they are valid only as long as the principal exists.

The component argument to krb5_principal_get_comp_string() is the index of the component to return, from zero to the total number of components minus one. If the index is out of range NULL is returned.

krb5_principal_get_realm() and krb5_principal_get_comp_string() are replacements for krb5_princ_component() and related macros, described as internal in the MIT API specification. Unlike the macros, these functions return strings, not krb5_data. A reason to return krb5_data was that it was believed that principal components could contain binary data, but this belief was unfounded, and it has been decided that principal components are infact UTF8, so it's safe to use zero terminated strings.

It's generally not necessary to look at the components of a principal.

krb5_principal_get_type() and krb5_principal_set_type() get and sets the name type for a principal. Name type handling is tricky and not often needed, don't use this unless you know what you do.

krb5_sname_to_principal() and krb5_sock_to_principal() are for easy creation of "service" principals that can, for instance, be used to lookup a key in a keytab. For both functions the sname parameter will be used for the first component of the created principal. If sname is NULL, "host" will be used instead.

krb5_sname_to_principal() will use the passed hostname for the second component. If type is KRB5_NT_SRV_HST this name will be looked up with gethostbyname(). If hostname is NULL, the local hostname will be used.

krb5_sock_to_principal() will use the "sockname" of the passed socket, which should be a bound AF_INET or AF_INET6 socket. There must be a mapping between the address and "sockname". The function may try to resolve the name in DNS.

krb5_get_default_principal() tries to find out what's a reasonable default principal by looking at the environment it is running in.

krb5_parse_nametype() parses and returns the name type integer value in type. On failure the function returns an error code and set the error string.


krb5_425_conv_principal(3), krb5_config(3), krb5.conf(5)


You can not have a NUL in a component in some of the variable argument functions above. Until someone can give a good example of where it would be a good idea to have NUL's in a component, this will not be fixed.


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