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Manual Pages  — MBRTOWC

NAME

mbrtowc, mbrtoc16, mbrtoc32 – convert a character to a wide-character code (restartable)

CONTENTS

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

#include <wchar.h>

size_t
mbrtowc(wchar_t * restrict pc, const char * restrict s, size_t n, mbstate_t * restrict ps);
#include <uchar.h>

size_t
mbrtoc16(char16_t * restrict pc, const char * restrict s, size_t n, mbstate_t * restrict ps);

size_t
mbrtoc32(char32_t * restrict pc, const char * restrict s, size_t n, mbstate_t * restrict ps);

DESCRIPTION

The mbrtowc(), mbrtoc16() and mbrtoc32() functions inspect at most n bytes pointed to by s to determine the number of bytes needed to complete the next multibyte character. If a character can be completed, and pc is not NULL, the wide character which is represented by s is stored in the wchar_t, char16_t or char32_t it points to.

If s is NULL, these functions behave as if pc was NULL, s was an empty string ("") and n was 1.

The mbstate_t argument, ps, is used to keep track of the shift state. If it is NULL, these functions use an internal, static mbstate_t object, which is initialized to the initial conversion state at program startup.

As a single char16_t is not large enough to represent certain multibyte characters, the mbrtoc16() function may need to be invoked multiple times to convert a single multibyte character sequence.

RETURN VALUES

The mbrtowc(), mbrtoc16() and mbrtoc32() functions return:
0 The next n or fewer bytes represent the null wide character (L'\0').
>0 The next n or fewer bytes represent a valid character, these functions return the number of bytes used to complete the multibyte character.
(size_t )-1
  An encoding error has occurred. The next n or fewer bytes do not contribute to a valid multibyte character.
(size_t )-2
  The next n contribute to, but do not complete, a valid multibyte character sequence, and all n bytes have been processed.

The mbrtoc16() function also returns:
(size_t )-3
  The next character resulting from a previous call has been stored. No bytes from the input have been consumed.

ERRORS

The mbrtowc(), mbrtoc16() and mbrtoc32() functions will fail if:
[EILSEQ]
  An invalid multibyte sequence was detected.
[EINVAL]
  The conversion state is invalid.

SEE ALSO

mbtowc(3), multibyte(3), setlocale(3), wcrtomb(3)

STANDARDS

The mbrtowc(), mbrtoc16() and mbrtoc32() functions conform to ISO/IEC .

MBRTOWC (3) May 21, 2013

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