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Manual Pages  — MEMSET

NAME

memset – write a byte to byte string

CONTENTS

LIBRARY

Standard C Library (libc, -lc)

SYNOPSIS

#include <string.h>

void *
memset(void *dest, int c, size_t len);

#define __STDC_WANT_LIB_EXT1__ 1
errno_t
memset_s(void *dest, rsize_t destsz, int c, rsize_t len);

DESCRIPTION

The memset() function writes len bytes of value c (converted to an unsigned char) to the string dest. Undefined behaviour from memset(), resulting from storage overflow, will occur if len is greater than the the length of buffer dest. The behaviour is also undefined if dest is an invalid pointer.

The memset_s() function behaves the same as memset() except that an error is returned and the currently registered runtime-constraint handler is called if dest is a null pointer, destsz or len is greater than RSIZE_MAX, or len is greater than destsz (buffer overflow would occur). The runtime-constraint handler is called first and may not return. If it does return, an error is returned to the caller. Like explicit_bzero(3), memset_s() is not removed through Dead Store Elimination (DSE), making it useful for clearing sensitive data. In contrast memset() function may be optimized away if the object modified by the function is not accessed again. To clear memory that will not subsequently be accessed it is advised to use memset_s() instead of memset(). For instance, a buffer containing a password should be cleared with memset_s() before free(3).

RETURN VALUES

The memset() function returns its first argument. The memset_s() function returns zero on success, non-zero on error.

SEE ALSO

bzero(3), explicit_bzero(3), set_constraint_handler_s(3), swab(3), wmemset(3)

STANDARDS

The memset() function conforms to ISO/IEC 9899:1990 ("ISO C90"). memset_s() conforms to ISO/IEC K.3.7.4.1.

MEMSET (3) August 19, 2018

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