tail head cat sleep
QR code linking to this page

Manual Pages  — SEM_TIMEDWAIT


sem_timedwait, sem_clockwait_np – lock a semaphore



POSIX Threads Library (libpthread, -lpthread)


#include <semaphore.h>
#include <time.h>

sem_timedwait(sem_t *sem, const struct timespec *abs_timeout);

sem_clockwait_np(sem_t * restrict sem, clockid_t clock_id, int flags, const struct timespec * rqtp, struct timespec * rmtp);


The sem_timedwait() function locks the semaphore referenced by sem, as in the sem_wait(3) function. However, if the semaphore cannot be locked without waiting for another process or thread to unlock the semaphore by performing a sem_post(3) function, this wait will be terminated when the specified timeout expires.

The timeout will expire when the absolute time specified by abs_timeout passes, as measured by the clock on which timeouts are based (that is, when the value of that clock equals or exceeds abs_timeout), or if the absolute time specified by abs_timeout has already been passed at the time of the call.

Note that the timeout is based on the CLOCK_REALTIME clock.

The validity of the abs_timeout is not checked if the semaphore can be locked immediately.

The sem_clockwait_np() function is a more flexible variant of sem_timedwait(). The clock_id parameter specifies the reference clock. If the flags parameter contains TIMER_ABSTIME, then the requested timeout (rqtp) is an absolute timeout; otherwise, the timeout is relative. If this function fails with EINTR and the timeout is relative, a non-NULL rmtp will be updated to contain the amount of time remaining in the interval ( the requested time minus the time actually slept ). An absolute timeout has no effect on rmtp. A single structure can be used for both rqtp and rmtp.


These functions return zero if the calling process successfully performed the semaphore lock operation on the semaphore designated by sem. If the call was unsuccessful, the state of the semaphore is unchanged, and the function returns a value of -1 and sets the global variable errno to indicate the error.


These functions will fail if:
  The sem argument does not refer to a valid semaphore, or the process or thread would have blocked, and the abs_timeout parameter specified a nanoseconds field value less than zero or greater than or equal to 1000 million.
  The semaphore could not be locked before the specified timeout expired.
  A signal interrupted this function.


sem_post(3), sem_trywait(3), sem_wait(3)


The sem_timedwait() function conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2004 ("POSIX.1"). The sem_clockwait_np() function is not specified by any standard; it exists only on FreeBSD at the time of this writing.


The sem_timedwait() function first appeared in FreeBSD 5.0 . The sem_clockwait_np() function first appeared in FreeBSD 11.1 .

SEM_TIMEDWAIT (3) May 24, 2017

tail head cat sleep
QR code linking to this page

Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock. Privacy policy.

How do you pronounce UNIX ? You Nix !