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Manual Pages  — STACK

NAME

stack – kernel thread stack tracing routines

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/stack.h>

In the kernel configuration file: options DDB options STACK


struct stack *
stack_create(void);

void
stack_destroy(struct stack *st);

int
stack_put(struct stack *st, vm_offset_t pc);

void
stack_copy(const struct stack *src, struct stack dst);

void
stack_zero(struct stack *st);

void
stack_print(const struct stack *st);

void
stack_print_ddb(const struct stack *st);

void
stack_print_short(const struct stack *st);

void
stack_print_short_ddb(const struct stack *st);

void
stack_sbuf_print(struct sbuf sb*, const struct stack *st);

void
stack_sbuf_print_ddb(struct sbuf sb*, const struct stack *st);

void
stack_save(struct stack *st);

void
stack_save_td(struct stack *st, struct thread *td);

int
stack_save_td_running(struct stack *st, struct thread *td);

DESCRIPTION

The stack KPI allows querying of kernel stack trace information and the automated generation of kernel stack trace strings for the purposes of debugging and tracing. To use the KPI, at least one of options DDB and options STACK must be compiled into the kernel.

Each stack trace is described by a struct stack. Before a trace may be created or otherwise manipulated, storage for the trace must be allocated with stack_create(), which may sleep. Memory associated with a trace is freed by calling stack_destroy().

A trace of the current kernel thread's call stack may be captured using stack_save(). stack_save_td() and stack_save_td_running() can also be used to capture the stack of a caller-specified thread. Callers of these functions must own the thread lock of the specified thread. stack_save_td() can capture the stack of a kernel thread that is not running or swapped out at the time of the call. stack_save_td_running() can capture the stack of a running kernel thread.

stack_print() and stack_print_short() may be used to print a stack trace using the kernel printf(9), and may sleep as a result of acquiring sx(9) locks in the kernel linker while looking up symbol names. In locking-sensitive environments, the unsynchronized stack_print_ddb() and stack_print_short_ddb() variants may be invoked. This function bypasses kernel linker locking, making it usable in ddb(4), but not in a live system where linker data structures may change.

stack_sbuf_print() may be used to construct a human-readable string, including conversion (where possible) from a simple kernel instruction pointer to a named symbol and offset. The argument sb must be an initialized struct sbuf as described in sbuf(9). This function may sleep if an auto-extending struct sbuf is used, or due to kernel linker locking. In locking-sensitive environments, such as ddb(4), the unsynchronized stack_sbuf_print_ddb() variant may be invoked to avoid kernel linker locking; it should be used with a fixed-length sbuf.

The utility functions stack_zero, stack_copy, and stack_put may be used to manipulate stack data structures directly.

RETURN VALUES

stack_put() returns 0 on success. Otherwise the struct stack does not contain space to record additional frames, and a non-zero value is returned.

stack_save_td_running() returns 0 when the stack capture was successful and a non-zero error number otherwise. In particular, EAGAIN is returned if the thread was running in user mode at the time that the capture was attempted, and EOPNOTSUPP is returned if the operation is not implemented.

SEE ALSO

ddb(4), printf(9), sbuf(9), sx(9)

AUTHORS

The stack function suite was created by Antoine Brodin. stack was extended by Robert Watson for general-purpose use outside of ddb(4).

STACK (9) September 10, 2015

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