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The accept4() system call is similar, but the O_NONBLOCK property of the new socket is instead determined by the SOCK_NONBLOCK flag in the flags argument, the O_ASYNC property is cleared, the signal destination is cleared and the close-on-exec flag on the new file descriptor can be set via the SOCK_CLOEXEC flag in the flags argument.
If no pending connections are present on the queue, and the original socket is not marked as non-blocking, accept() blocks the caller until a connection is present. If the original socket is marked non-blocking and no pending connections are present on the queue, accept() returns an error as described below. The accepted socket may not be used to accept more connections. The original socket s remains open.
The argument addr is a result argument that is filled-in with the address of the connecting entity, as known to the communications layer. The exact format of the addr argument is determined by the domain in which the communication is occurring. A null pointer may be specified for addr if the address information is not desired; in this case, addrlen is not used and should also be null. Otherwise, the addrlen argument is a value-result argument; it should initially contain the amount of space pointed to by addr; on return it will contain the actual length (in bytes) of the address returned. This call is used with connection-based socket types, currently with SOCK_STREAM.
It is possible to select(2) a socket for the purposes of doing an accept() by selecting it for read.
For certain protocols which require an explicit confirmation, such as ISO or DATAKIT, accept() can be thought of as merely dequeueing the next connection request and not implying confirmation. Confirmation can be implied by a normal read or write on the new file descriptor, and rejection can be implied by closing the new socket.
For some applications, performance may be enhanced by using an accept_filter(9) to pre-process incoming connections.
When using accept(), portable programs should not rely on the O_NONBLOCK and O_ASYNC properties and the signal destination being inherited, but should set them explicitly using fcntl(2); accept4() sets these properties consistently, but may not be fully portable across Unix platforms.
|The descriptor is invalid.|
|The accept() operation was interrupted.|
|The per-process descriptor table is full.|
|The system file table is full.|
|The descriptor references a file, not a socket.|
|listen(2) has not been called on the socket descriptor.|
|The addr argument is not in a writable part of the user address space.|
|[EWOULDBLOCK ]or [EAGAIN]|
|The socket is marked non-blocking and no connections are present to be accepted.|
|A connection arrived, but it was closed while waiting on the listen queue.|
The accept4() system call will also fail if:
|The flags argument is invalid.|
The accept4() system call appeared in FreeBSD 10.0 .
|ACCEPT (2)||October 9, 2014|
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Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock.
|“||One of the advantages of using UNIX to teach an operating systems course is the sources and documentation will easily fit into a student's briefcase.||”|
|— John Lions|