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The library is tightly integrated with the run-time link editor ld-elf.so.1(1) and Standard C Library (libc, -lc)all three components must be built from the same source tree. Mixing libc and libthr libraries from different versions of FreeBSD is not supported. The run-time linker ld-elf.so.1(1) has some code to ensure backward-compatibility with older versions of libthr.
The man page documents the quirks and tunables of the libthr. When linking with -lpthread, the run-time dependency libthr.so.3 is recorded in the produced object.
First, on SMP systems, a spin loop is performed, where the library attempts to acquire the lock by atomic(9) operations. The loop count is controlled by the LIBPTHREAD_SPINLOOPS environment variable, with a default value of 2000.
If the spin loop was unable to acquire the mutex, a yield loop is executed, performing the same atomic(9) acquisition attempts as the spin loop, but each attempt is followed by a yield of the CPU time of the thread using the sched_yield(2) syscall. By default, the yield loop is not executed. This is controlled by the LIBPTHREAD_YIELDLOOPS environment variable.
If both the spin and yield loops failed to acquire the lock, the thread is taken off the CPU and put to sleep in the kernel with the _umtx_op(2) syscall. The kernel wakes up a thread and hands the ownership of the lock to the woken thread when the lock becomes available.
By default, the main thread's stack size is equal to the value of RLIMIT_STACK for the process. If the LIBPTHREAD_SPLITSTACK_MAIN environment variable is present in the process environment (its value does not matter), the main thread's stack is reduced to 4MB on 64bit architectures, and to 2MB on 32bit architectures, when the threading library is initialized. The rest of the address space area which has been reserved by the kernel for the initial process stack is used for non-initial thread stacks in this case. The presence of the LIBPTHREAD_BIGSTACK_MAIN environment variable overrides LIBPTHREAD_SPLITSTACK_MAIN; it is kept for backward-compatibility.
The size of stacks for threads created by the process at run-time with the pthread_create(3) call is controlled by thread attributes: see pthread_attr(3), in particular, the pthread_attr_setstacksize(3), pthread_attr_setguardsize(3) and pthread_attr_setstackaddr(3) functions. If no attributes for the thread stack size are specified, the default non-initial thread stack size is 2MB for 64bit architectures, and 1MB for 32bit architectures.
|LIBPTHREAD_BIGSTACK_MAIN||Disables the reduction of the initial thread stack enabled by LIBPTHREAD_SPLITSTACK_MAIN.|
|LIBPTHREAD_SPLITSTACK_MAIN||Causes a reduction of the initial thread stack, as described in the section THREAD STACKS. This was the default behaviour of libthr before FreeBSD 11.0 .|
|LIBPTHREAD_SPINLOOPS||The integer value of the variable overrides the default count of iterations in the spin loop of the mutex acquisition. The default count is 2000, set by the MUTEX_ADAPTIVE_SPINS constant in the libthr sources.|
|LIBPTHREAD_YIELDLOOPS||A non-zero integer value enables the yield loop in the process of the mutex acquisition. The value is the count of loop operations.|
The integer value of the variable specifies how often blocked
threads are inserted at the head of the sleep queue, instead of its tail.
Bigger values reduce the frequency of the FIFO discipline.
The value must be between 0 and 255.
|kern.ipc.umtx_vnode_persistent||By default, a shared lock backed by a mapped file in memory is automatically destroyed on the last unmap of the corresponding file's page, which is allowed by POSIX. Setting the sysctl to 1 makes such a shared lock object persist until the vnode is recycled by the Virtual File System. Note that in case file is not opened and not mapped, the kernel might recycle it at any moment, making this sysctl less useful than it sounds.|
|kern.ipc.umtx_max_robust||The maximal number of robust mutexes allowed for one thread. The kernel will not unlock more mutexes than specified, see _umtx_op for more details. The default value is large enough for most useful applications.|
|debug.umtx.robust_faults_verbose||A non zero value makes kernel emit some diagnostic when the robust mutexes unlock was prematurely aborted after detecting some inconsistency, as a measure to prevent memory corruption.|
The RLIMIT_UMTXP limit (see getrlimit(2)) defines how many shared locks a given user may create simultaneously.
libthr cannot be unloaded; the dlclose(3) function does not perform any action when called with a handle for libthr. One of the reasons is that the internal interposing of libc functions cannot be undone.
|LIBTHR (3)||May 17, 2016|
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Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock.
|“||I think Unix and snowflakes are the only two classes of objects in the universe in which no two instances ever match exactly.||”|
|— Noel Chiappa|