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int pcap_findalldevs(pcap_if_t **alldevsp, char *errbuf); void pcap_freealldevs(pcap_if_t *alldevs);
next if not NULL, a pointer to the next element in the list; NULL for the last element of the list name a pointer to a string giving a name for the device to pass to pcap_open_live() description if not NULL, a pointer to a string giving a human-readable description of the device addresses a pointer to the first element of a list of network addresses for the device, or NULL if the device has no addresses flags device flags:
PCAP_IF_LOOPBACK set if the device is a loopback interface PCAP_IF_UP set if the device is up PCAP_IF_RUNNING set if the device is running PCAP_IF_WIRELESS set if the device is a wireless interface; this includes IrDA as well as radio-based networks such as IEEE 802.15.4 and IEEE 802.11, so it doesn't just mean Wi-Fi PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS a bitmask for an indication of whether the adapter is connected or not; for wireless interfaces, "connected" means "associated with a network" The possible values for the connection status bits are:
PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_UNKNOWN it's unknown whether the adapter is connected or not PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_CONNECTED the adapter is connected PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_DISCONNECTED the adapter is disconnected PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_NOT_APPLICABLE the notion of "connected" and "disconnected" don't apply to this interface; for example, it doesn't apply to a loopback device
Each element of the list of addresses is of type pcap_addr_t, and has the following members:
next if not NULL, a pointer to the next element in the list; NULL for the last element of the list addr a pointer to a struct sockaddr containing an address netmask if not NULL, a pointer to a struct sockaddr that contains the netmask corresponding to the address pointed to by addr broadaddr if not NULL, a pointer to a struct sockaddr that contains the broadcast address corresponding to the address pointed to by addr; may be null if the device doesn't support broadcasts dstaddr if not NULL, a pointer to a struct sockaddr that contains the destination address corresponding to the address pointed to by addr; may be null if the device isn't a point-to-point interface
Note that the addresses in the list of addresses might be IPv4 addresses, IPv6 addresses, or some other type of addresses, so you must check the sa_family member of the struct sockaddr before interpreting the contents of the address; do not assume that the addresses are all IPv4 addresses, or even all IPv4 or IPv6 addresses. IPv4 addresses have the value AF_INET, IPv6 addresses have the value AF_INET6 (which older operating systems that don't support IPv6 might not define), and other addresses have other values. Whether other addresses are returned, and what types they might have is platform-dependent. For IPv4 addresses, the struct sockaddr pointer can be interpreted as if it pointed to a struct sockaddr_in; for IPv6 addresses, it can be interpreted as if it pointed to a struct sockaddr_in6.
The list of devices must be freed with pcap_freealldevs(3) , which frees the list pointed to by alldevs.
The PCAP_IF_UP and PCAP_IF_RUNNING constants became available in libpcap release 1.6.1. The PCAP_IF_WIRELESS, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_UNKNOWN, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_CONNECTED, PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_DISCONNECTED, and PCAP_IF_CONNECTION_STATUS_NOT_APPLICABLE constants became available in libpcap release 1.9.0.
|22 August 2018||PCAP_FINDALLDEVS (3)|
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