tail head cat sleep
QR code linking to this page

Manual Pages  — EST


est – Enhanced Speedstep Technology



To compile this capability into your kernel place the following line in your kernel configuration file: device cpufreq


The est interface provides support for the Intel Enhanced Speedstep Technology.

Note that est capabilities are automatically loaded by the cpufreq(4) driver.


The est interface is intended to allow cpufreq(4) to access and implement Intel Enhanced SpeedStep Technology via acpi(4) and the acpi_perf interface accessors. If the default settings are not optimal, the following sysctls can be used to modify or monitor est behavior.
  Attempt to infer information from direct probing of the msr. Should only be used in diagnostic cases. (default 0)
  Validate frequency requested is accepted by the cpu when set. It appears that this will only work on single core cpus. (default 0)


The following sysctl(8) values are available
dev.est.%d. desc
  Description of support, almost always Enhanced SpeedStep Frequency Control.
dev.est.0.%desc: Enhanced SpeedStep Frequency Control
dev.est.%d. driver
  Driver in use, always est.
dev.est.0.%driver: est
dev.est.%d. parent
dev.est.0.%parent: cpu0
  The cpu that is exposing these frequencies. For example cpu0.
  The valid frequencies that are allowed by this CPU and their step values.
dev.est.0.freq_settings: 2201/45000 2200/45000 2000/39581 1900/37387
  1800/34806 1700/32703 1600/30227 1500/28212 1400/25828 1300/23900 1200/21613 1100/19775 1000/17582 900/15437 800/13723


est%d: <Enhanced SpeedStep Frequency Control> on cpu%d

Indicates normal startup of this interface.

est: CPU supports Enhanced Speedstep, but is not recognized.
est: cpu_vendor GenuineIntel, msr 471c471c0600471c
device_attach: est%d attach returned 6

Indicates all attempts to attach to this interface have failed. This usually indicates an improper BIOS setting restricting O/S control of the CPU speeds. Consult your BIOS documentation for more details.


est is only found on supported Intel CPUs.


cpufreq(4) http://www.intel.com/content/www/us/en/processors/architectures-software-developer-manuals.html

Intel 64 and IA-32 Architectures Software Developer Manuals,


This manual page was written by Sean Bruno <Mt sbruno@FreeBSD.org>.

EST (4) October 18, 2012

tail head cat sleep
QR code linking to this page

Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock.

If you are angry with someone, you should walk a mile in their shoes - then you'll be a mile away from them, and you'll have their shoes.