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Manual Pages  — ICMP6

NAME

icmp6 – Internet Control Message Protocol for IPv6

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

#include <sys/socket.h>
#include <netinet/in.h>
#include <netinet/icmp6.h>

int
socket(AF_INET6, SOCK_RAW, IPPROTO_ICMPV6);

DESCRIPTION

ICMPv6 is the error and control message protocol used by IPv6 and the IPv6 protocol family (see ip6(4) and inet6(4)). It may be accessed through a "raw socket" for network monitoring and diagnostic functions.

The proto parameter to the socket(2) call to create an ICMPv6 socket may be obtained from getprotobyname(3). ICMPv6 sockets are connectionless, and are normally used with the sendto(2) and recvfrom(2) calls, though the connect(2) call may also be used to fix the destination for future packets (in which case read(2) or recv(2) and write(2) or send(2) system calls may be used).

Outgoing packets automatically have an IPv6 header prepended to them (based on the destination address). Incoming packets on the socket are received with the IPv6 header and any extension headers removed.

Types

ICMPv6 messages are classified according to the type and code fields present in the ICMPv6 header. The abbreviations for the types and codes may be used in rules in pf.conf(5). The following types are defined:
Num Abbrev. Description

1
unreach Destination unreachable

2
toobig Packet too big

3
timex Time exceeded

4
paramprob Invalid IPv6 header

128
echoreq Echo service request

129
echorep Echo service reply

130
groupqry Group membership query

130
listqry Multicast listener query

131
grouprep Group membership report

131
listenrep Multicast listener report

132
groupterm Group membership termination

132
listendone Multicast listener done

133
routersol Router solicitation

134
routeradv Router advertisement

135
neighbrsol Neighbor solicitation

136
neighbradv Neighbor advertisement

137
redir Shorter route exists

138
routrrenum Route renumbering

139
fqdnreq FQDN query

139
niqry Node information query

139
wrureq Who-are-you request

140
fqdnrep FQDN reply

140
nirep Node information reply

140
wrurep Who-are-you reply

200
mtraceresp mtrace response

201
mtrace mtrace messages

The following codes are defined:
Num Abbrev. Type Description

0
noroute-unr unreach No route to destination

1
admin-unr unreach Administratively prohibited

2
beyond-unr unreach Beyond scope of source address

2
notnbr-unr unreach Not a neighbor (obsolete)

3
addr-unr unreach Address unreachable

4
port-unr unreach Port unreachable

0
transit timex Time exceeded in transit

1
reassemb timex Time exceeded in reassembly

0
badhead paramprob Erroneous header field

1
nxthdr paramprob Unrecognized next header

2
redir Unrecognized option

0
redironlink redir Redirection to on-link node

1
redirrouter redir Redirection to better router

Headers

All ICMPv6 messages are prefixed with an ICMPv6 header. This header corresponds to the icmp6_hdr structure and has the following definition:
struct icmp6_hdr {
        uint8_t  icmp6_type;    /* type field */
        uint8_t  icmp6_code;    /* code field */
        uint16_t icmp6_cksum;   /* checksum field */
        union {
                uint32_t icmp6_un_data32[1]; /* type-specific */
                uint16_t icmp6_un_data16[2]; /* type-specific */
                uint8_t  icmp6_un_data8[4];  /* type-specific */
        } icmp6_dataun;
} __packed;

#define icmp6_data32    icmp6_dataun.icmp6_un_data32 #define icmp6_data16    icmp6_dataun.icmp6_un_data16 #define icmp6_data8     icmp6_dataun.icmp6_un_data8 #define icmp6_pptr      icmp6_data32[0] /* parameter prob */ #define icmp6_mtu       icmp6_data32[0] /* packet too big */ #define icmp6_id        icmp6_data16[0] /* echo request/reply */ #define icmp6_seq       icmp6_data16[1] /* echo request/reply */ #define icmp6_maxdelay  icmp6_data16[0] /* mcast group membership*/

icmp6_type describes the type of the message. Suitable values are defined in < netinet/icmp6.h>. icmp6_code describes the sub-type of the message and depends on icmp6_type. icmp6_cksum contains the checksum for the message and is filled in by the kernel on outgoing messages. The other fields are used for type-specific purposes.

Filters

Because of the extra functionality of ICMPv6 in comparison to ICMPv4, a larger number of messages may be potentially received on an ICMPv6 socket. Input filters may therefore be used to restrict input to a subset of the incoming ICMPv6 messages so only interesting messages are returned by the recv(2) family of calls to an application.

The icmp6_filter structure may be used to refine the input message set according to the ICMPv6 type. By default, all messages types are allowed on newly created raw ICMPv6 sockets. The following macros may be used to refine the input set:
void ICMP6_FILTER_SETPASSALL(struct icmp6_filter *filterp)
  Allow all incoming messages. filterp is modified to allow all message types.
void ICMP6_FILTER_SETBLOCKALL(struct icmp6_filter *filterp)
  Ignore all incoming messages. filterp is modified to ignore all message types.
void ICMP6_FILTER_SETPASS(int type, struct icmp6_filter *filterp) Allow ICMPv6 messages with the given type. filterp is modified to allow such messages.
void ICMP6_FILTER_SETBLOCK"(int type, struct icmp6_filter *filterp) Ignore ICMPv6 messages with the given type. filterp is modified to ignore such messages.
int ICMP6_FILTER_WILLPASS"(int type, const struct icmp6_filter *filterp) Determine if the given filter will allow an ICMPv6 message of the given type.
int ICMP6_FILTER_WILLBLOCK"(int type, const struct icmp6_filter *filterp) Determine if the given filter will ignore an ICMPv6 message of the given type.

The getsockopt(2) and setsockopt(2) calls may be used to obtain and install the filter on ICMPv6 sockets at option level IPPROTO_ICMPV6 and name ICMP6_FILTER with a pointer to the icmp6_filter structure as the option value.

SEE ALSO

getsockopt(2), recv(2), send(2), setsockopt(2), socket(2), getprotobyname(3), inet6(4), ip6(4), netintro(4)

W. Stevens, M. Thomas, RFC 2292, Advanced Sockets API for IPv6, February 1998.


"Protocol Version 6 (IPv6) Specification"

A. Conta, S. Deering, RFC 2463, Internet Control Message Protocol (ICMPv6) for the Internet, December 1998.


ICMP6 (4) November 7, 2012

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