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Manual Pages  — BINMISCCTL

NAME

binmiscctl – manage binary image activators

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS


binmiscctl add name --interpreter path --magic magic --size size [ --mask mask] [ --offset offset] [ --set-enabled]
binmiscctl remove name
binmiscctl disable name
binmiscctl enable name
binmiscctl lookup name
binmiscctl list

DESCRIPTION

The binmiscctl utility is the management utility for configuring miscellaneous binaries image activators in the kernel. It allows adding, deleting, disabling, enabling, and looking up interpreters. Also, all the interpreters can be listed.

The first argument on the command line indicates the operation to be performed. Operation must be one of the following:
add name --interpreter path --magic magic --size size [ --mask mask] [ --offset offset] [ --set-enabled] Add a new activator entry in the kernel. You must specify a unique name, interpreter path and its arguments path, header magic bytes that uniquely identify a suitable binary for the activator, and the size of the magic in bytes.

Optionally you may specify a mask to do a bitwise AND with the header bytes. This effectively allows you to ignore fields in the binary header that do not uniquely indentify the binary file's type.

An offset may be specified for the magic bytes using the --offset option. By default the offset is zero.

To enable the activator entry the --set-enabled option is used. The activator default state is disabled.

The interpreter path may also contain arguments for the interpreter including #a which gets replaced by the old argv0 value in the interpreter string.

remove name
  Remove the activator entry identified with name.
disable name
  Disable the activator entry identified with name.
enable name
  Enable the activator entry identified with name.
lookup name
  Look up and print out the activator entry identified with name.
list Take a snapshot and print all the activator entries currently configured.

EXAMPLES

Add an image activator to run the LLVM interpreter (lli) on bitcode compiled files: # binmiscctl add llvmbc --interpreter ''/usr/bin/lli --fake-argv0=#a'' --magic ''BC\xc0\xde'' --size 4 --set-enabled

#a is replaced with the old argv0 value so that 'lli' can fake its argv0. Set its state to enabled.

Set the state of the llvmbc image activator to disabled:

    # binmiscctl disable llvmbc

Set the state of the llvmbc image activator to enabled:

    # binmiscctl enable llvmbc

Delete the llvmbc image activator:

    # binmiscctl remove llvmbc

Look up and list the record for the llvmbc image activator:

    # binmiscctl lookup llvmbc

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for ARM AARCH64 binaries:

# binmiscctl add arm64 \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-aarch64-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x02\x01\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\xb7\x00" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for ARM little-endian binaries:

# binmiscctl add armelf \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-arm-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x01\x01\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x28\x00" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for ARM big-endian binaries:

# binmiscctl add armebelf \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-arm-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x28" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for MIPS32 binaries:

# binmiscctl add mips32 \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-mips-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x08" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for MIPS64 binaries:

# binmiscctl add mips64 \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-mips64-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x02\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x08" \
  --mask "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
          \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for PowerPC binaries:

# binmiscctl add powerpc \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-ppc-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x14" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for PowerPC64 binaries:

# binmiscctl add powerpc64 \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-ppc64-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x01\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x15" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Add QEMU bsd-user program as an image activator for SPARC64 binaries:

# binmiscctl add sparc64 \
  --interpreter "/usr/local/bin/qemu-sparc64-static" \
  --magic "\x7f\x45\x4c\x46\x02\x02\x01\x00\x00\x00\
           \x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x00\x02\x00\x2b" \
  --mask  "\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\x00\xff\xff\
           \xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xff\xfe\xff\xff" \
  --size 20 --set-enabled

Create and use an ARMv6 chroot on an AMD64 host

Use an existing source tree to build a chroot host with architecture overrides:
D=/path/to/chroot
cd /usr/src
mkdir -p $D
make world TARGET=arm TARGET_ARCH=armv6 DESTDIR=$D
make distribution TARGET=arm TARGET_ARCH=armv6 DESTDIR=$D

With emulators/qemu-user-static from the FreeBSD Ports Collection, the emulator must be copied into the jail path specified in the binmiscctl command. Using the example above:

mkdir $D/usr/local/bin
cp /usr/local/bin/qemu-arm-static $D/usr/local/bin

Now the user can chroot into the environment normally, as root:

chroot $D

SEE ALSO

lli(1), execve(2), jail(8)

HISTORY

The binmiscctl command was added in FreeBSD 10.1 . It was developed to support the imgact_binmisc kernel module.

AUTHORS

Stacey D Son

BINMISCCTL (8) December 30, 2014

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Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock.

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