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Manual Pages  — BSDCONFIG


bsdconfig – system configuration utility



bsdconfig [-h]
bsdconfig command [-h]
bsdconfig [OPTIONS] [command [OPTIONS]]


bsdconfig is used to set up many system configuration settings, both for new systems, as well as changing configuration settings of existing systems.

bsdconfig optionally takes a command as an argument. If invoked with no arguments, it will bring up an interactive menu listing the available modules.

The following options are available:
  Provide lots of debugging info on standard-out when running.
-D file
  Send debugging info to file. If file begins with a plus-sign debug info is sent to both standard-out and file (minus the leading plus).
-f file
  Load file as script and then exit. If multiple occurrences, program will only exit after last occurrence. If file is a single dash ('-'), bsdconfig reads from standard input.
  Print usage statement and exit.
  Secure X11 mode (implies -X). As root, always prompt-for and validate sudo(8) username/password before starting.
  Use Xdialog(1) in place of dialog(1).


The following commands (sorted alphabetically) are currently included in the base bsdconfig program, with more to be added soon. Other commands can be added, as detailed below in the ADDING COMMANDS section, and once added, will appear in the master menu as well as in the -h listing.
console Utilities to customize the behavior of the system console.
defaultrouter Shortcut to the Default Router/Gateway menu under networking.
diskmgmt Manage disk partitions and/or labels. Executes sade(8).
docsinstall Executes the bsdinstall docsinstall sub-utility to allow installation/re-installation of the FreeBSD Documentation set(s).
dot Generate a graphviz dot(1) language file (printed on stdout) visualizing the bsdconfig menu, include, and shortcut structure relationships. See "bsdconfig dot -h" for more details.
groupadd Shortcut to the Add Groups menu under groupmgmt.
groupdel Shortcut to the Delete Groups menu under groupmgmt.
groupedit Shortcut to the Edit/View Groups menu under groupmgmt.
groupmgmt Utilities to Add/Change/View/Delete Group Accounts.
hostname Shortcut to the Hostname/Domain menu under networking.
kern_securelevel Shortcut to the kern.securelevel menu under security.
mouse Utilities for configuring, exploring, and enabling console mouse support.
mouse_disable Shortcut to the Disable menu under mouse.
mouse_enable Shortcut to the Enable menu under mouse.
mouse_flags Shortcut to the Flags menu under mouse.
mouse_port Shortcut to the Port menu under mouse.
mouse_type Shortcut to the Type menu under mouse.
nameservers Shortcut to the DNS Nameservers menu under networking.
netdev Shortcut to the Network Interfaces menu under networking.
networking Utilities to set/change Hostname/Domain, Network Interfaces, Default Router/Gateway, and DNS Nameservers.
packages Browse, install, uninstall, or re-install packaged software.
password Set the system administrator (root) password.
security Configure various system security settings.
startup Configure various aspects of system startup.
startup_misc Shortcut to the Miscellaneous Startup Services menu under startup.
startup_rcadd Shortcut to the Add New menu under the View/Edit Startup Configuration menu (startup_rcconf) of startup.
startup_rcconf Shortcut to the View/Edit Startup Configuration menu under startup.
startup_rcdelete Shortcut to the Delete menu under the View/Edit Startup Configuration menu (startup_rcconf) of startup.
startup_rcvar Shortcut to the Toggle Startup Services menu under startup.
syscons_font Shortcut to the Font menu under console.
syscons_keymap Shortcut to the Keymap menu under console.
syscons_repeat Shortcut to the Repeat menu under console.
syscons_saver Shortcut to the Saver menu under console.
  Shortcut to the Screenmap menu under console.
syscons_ttys Shortcut to the Ttys menu under console.
timezone Set the regional timezone of the local machine.
ttys Edit the ttys(5) database with your favorite editor.
useradd Shortcut to the Add Users menu under usermgmt.
userdel Shortcut to the Delete Users menu under usermgmt.
useredit Shortcut to the Edit/View Users menu under usermgmt.
usermgmt Utilities to Add/Edit/View/Delete User Accounts.


i18n features are built into bsdconfig and language-specific translation files will be added as they become available. In the absence of language-specific translation files, the default (en_US.ISO8859-1) files will be used.


To be documented later. Document menu_selection="command|*" syntax of INDEX files.


The following environment variables affect the execution of bsdconfig:
LANG If LANG is set, messages and index information will be read from files named messages.$LANG and INDEX.$LANG and fall back to files named messages and INDEX if messages.$LANG and INDEX.$LANG do not exist. LANG takes precedence over LC_ALL.
  If LC_ALL is set, messages and index information will be read from files named messages.$LC_ALL and INDEX.$LC_ALL and fall back to files named messages and INDEX if messages.$LC_ALL and INDEX.$LC_ALL do not exist.


/usr/share/examples/bsdconfig/bsdconfigrc can be copied to $HOME/.bsdconfigrc and customized as needed.


The utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.




bsdconfig first appeared in FreeBSD 9.2 .


Ron McDowell Devin Teske <Mt dteske@FreeBSD.org>


The docsinstall and diskmgmt modules call bsdinstall. Bugs found in these modules should be considered those of bsdinstall, not bsdconfig.

BSDCONFIG (8) June 5, 2013

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