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Manual Pages  — NTPQ

NAME

ntpq – standard NTP query program

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS


ntpq [-flags] [-flag [value]] [--option-name [[=| ]value ]] [ host ...]

DESCRIPTION

The ntpq utility program is used to query NTP servers to monitor NTP operations and performance, requesting information about current state and/or changes in that state. The program may be run either in interactive mode or controlled using command line arguments. Requests to read and write arbitrary variables can be assembled, with raw and pretty-printed output options being available. The ntpq utility can also obtain and print a list of peers in a common format by sending multiple queries to the server.

If one or more request options is included on the command line when ntpq is executed, each of the requests will be sent to the NTP servers running on each of the hosts given as command line arguments, or on localhost by default. If no request options are given, ntpq will attempt to read commands from the standard input and execute these on the NTP server running on the first host given on the command line, again defaulting to localhost when no other host is specified. The ntpq utility will prompt for commands if the standard input is a terminal device.

ntpq uses NTP mode 6 packets to communicate with the NTP server, and hence can be used to query any compatible server on the network which permits it. Note that since NTP is a UDP protocol this communication will be somewhat unreliable, especially over large distances in terms of network topology. The ntpq utility makes one attempt to retransmit requests, and will time requests out if the remote host is not heard from within a suitable timeout time.

Note that in contexts where a host name is expected, a -4 qualifier preceding the host name forces resolution to the IPv4 namespace, while a -6 qualifier forces resolution to the IPv6 namespace. For examples and usage, see the "NTP Debugging Techniques" page.

Specifying a command line option other than -i or -n will cause the specified query (queries) to be sent to the indicated host(s) immediately. Otherwise, ntpq will attempt to read interactive format commands from the standard input.

Internal Commands

Interactive format commands consist of a keyword followed by zero to four arguments. Only enough characters of the full keyword to uniquely identify the command need be typed.

A number of interactive format commands are executed entirely within the ntpq utility itself and do not result in NTP requests being sent to a server. These are described following.
? [command]
help [command]
  A ‘?’ by itself will print a list of all the commands known to ntpq. A ‘?’ followed by a command name will print function and usage information about the command.
addvars name[=value ][,...]
rmvars name[,...]
clearvars
showvars
  The arguments to this command consist of a list of items of the form name[=value], where the =value is ignored, and can be omitted, in requests to the server to read variables. The ntpq utility maintains an internal list in which data to be included in messages can be assembled, and displayed or set using the readlist and writelist commands described below. The addvars command allows variables and their optional values to be added to the list. If more than one variable is to be added, the list should be comma-separated and not contain white space. The rmvars command can be used to remove individual variables from the list, while the clearvars command removes all variables from the list. The showvars command displays the current list of optional variables.
authenticate [ yes| no]
  Normally ntpq does not authenticate requests unless they are write requests. The command authenticate yes causes ntpq to send authentication with all requests it makes. Authenticated requests causes some servers to handle requests slightly differently. The command authenticate causes ntpq to display whether or not it is currently authenticating requests.
cooked Causes output from query commands to be "cooked", so that variables which are recognized by ntpq will have their values reformatted for human consumption. Variables which ntpq could not decode completely are marked with a trailing ‘?’.
debug [ more| less| off]
  With no argument, displays the current debug level. Otherwise, the debugging level is changed as indicated.
delay [milliseconds]
  Specify a time interval to be added to timestamps included in requests which require authentication. This is used to enable (unreliable) server reconfiguration over long delay network paths or between machines whose clocks are unsynchronized. Actually the server does not now require timestamps in authenticated requests, so this command may be obsolete. Without any arguments, displays the current delay.
drefid [ hash| ipv4]
  Display refids as IPv4 or hash. Without any arguments, displays whether refids are shown as IPv4 addresses or hashes.
exit Exit ntpq.
host [name] Set the host to which future queries will be sent. The name may be either a host name or a numeric address. Without any arguments, displays the current host.
hostnames [ yes| no]
  If yes is specified, host names are printed in information displays. If no is specified, numeric addresses are printed instead. The default is yes, unless modified using the command line -n switch. Without any arguments, displays whether host names or numeric addresses are shown.
keyid [keyid] This command allows the specification of a key number to be used to authenticate configuration requests. This must correspond to the controlkey key number the server has been configured to use for this purpose. Without any arguments, displays the current keyid.
keytype [digest]
  Specify the digest algorithm to use for authenticating requests, with default MD5. If ntpq was built with OpenSSL support, and OpenSSL is installed, digest can be any message digest algorithm supported by OpenSSL. If no argument is given, the current keytype digest algorithm used is displayed.
ntpversion [ 1| 2| 3| 4]
  Sets the NTP version number which ntpq claims in packets. Defaults to 3, and note that mode 6 control messages (and modes, for that matter) didn't exist in NTP version 1. There appear to be no servers left which demand version 1. With no argument, displays the current NTP version that will be used when communicating with servers.
passwd This command prompts you to type in a password (which will not be echoed) which will be used to authenticate configuration requests. The password must correspond to the key configured for use by the NTP server for this purpose if such requests are to be successful.
poll [n ][ verbose]
  Poll an NTP server in client mode n times. Poll not implemented yet.
quit Exit ntpq.
raw Causes all output from query commands is printed as received from the remote server. The only formating/interpretation done on the data is to transform nonascii data into a printable (but barely understandable) form.
timeout [milliseconds]
  Specify a timeout period for responses to server queries. The default is about 5000 milliseconds. Without any arguments, displays the current timeout period. Note that since ntpq retries each query once after a timeout, the total waiting time for a timeout will be twice the timeout value set.
version Display the version of the ntpq program.

Control Message Commands

Association ids are used to identify system, peer and clock variables. System variables are assigned an association id of zero and system name space, while each association is assigned a nonzero association id and peer namespace. Most control commands send a single message to the server and expect a single response message. The exceptions are the peers command, which sends a series of messages, and the mreadlist and mreadvar commands, which iterate over a range of associations.
apeers Display a list of peers in the form:

    [tally]remote refid assid st t when pool reach delay offset jitter

where the output is just like the peers command except that the refid is displayed in hex format and the association number is also displayed.

associations
  Display a list of mobilized associations in the form:

    ind assid status conf reach auth condition last_event cnt

Variable Description
ind index on this list
assid association id
status peer status word
conf yes: persistent, no: ephemeral
reach yes: reachable, no: unreachable
auth ok, yes, bad and none
condition selection status (see the select field of the peer status word)
last_event event report (see the event field of the peer status word)
cnt event count (see the count field of the peer status word)

authinfo Display the authentication statistics counters: time since reset, stored keys, free keys, key lookups, keys not found, uncached keys, expired keys, encryptions, decryptions.
clocklist [associd]
cl [associd]
  Display all clock variables in the variable list for those associations supporting a reference clock.
clockvar [associd ][name[=value ]][,...]
cv [associd ][name[=value ]][,...]
  Display a list of clock variables for those associations supporting a reference clock.
:config configuration command line
  Send the remainder of the command line, including whitespace, to the server as a run-time configuration command in the same format as a line in the configuration file. This command is experimental until further notice and clarification. Authentication is of course required.
config-from-file filename
  Send each line of filename to the server as run-time configuration commands in the same format as lines in the configuration file. This command is experimental until further notice and clarification. Authentication is required.
ifstats Display status and statistics counters for each local network interface address: interface number, interface name and address or broadcast, drop, flag, ttl, mc, received, sent, send failed, peers, uptime. Authentication is required.
iostats Display network and reference clock I/O statistics: time since reset, receive buffers, free receive buffers, used receive buffers, low water refills, dropped packets, ignored packets, received packets, packets sent, packet send failures, input wakeups, useful input wakeups.
kerninfo Display kernel loop and PPS statistics: associd, status, pll offset, pll frequency, maximum error, estimated error, kernel status, pll time constant, precision, frequency tolerance, pps frequency, pps stability, pps jitter, calibration interval, calibration cycles, jitter exceeded, stability exceeded, calibration errors. As with other ntpq output, times are in milliseconds; very small values may be shown as exponentials. The precision value displayed is in milliseconds as well, unlike the precision system variable.
lassociations
  Perform the same function as the associations command, except display mobilized and unmobilized associations, including all clients.
lopeers [-4 | -6]
  Display a list of all peers and clients showing dstadr (associated with the given IP version).
lpassociations
  Display the last obtained list of associations, including all clients.
lpeers [-4 | -6]
  Display a list of all peers and clients (associated with the given IP version).
monstats Display monitor facility status, statistics, and limits: enabled, addresses, peak addresses, maximum addresses, reclaim above count, reclaim older than, kilobytes, maximum kilobytes.
mreadlist associdlo associdhi
mrl associdlo associdhi
  Perform the same function as the readlist command for a range of association ids.
mreadvar associdlo associdhi [name ][,...]
  This range may be determined from the list displayed by any command showing associations.
mrv associdlo associdhi [name ][,...]
  Perform the same function as the readvar command for a range of association ids. This range may be determined from the list displayed by any command showing associations.
laddr=localaddr | sort=[- ]sortorder | resany=hexmask | resall=hexmask ] Display traffic counts of the most recently seen source addresses collected and maintained by the monitor facility. With the exception of sort=[- ]sortorder, the options filter the list returned by ntpd(8). The limited and kod options return only entries representing client addresses from which the last packet received triggered either discarding or a KoD response. The mincount=count option filters entries representing less than count packets. The laddr=localaddr option filters entries for packets received on any local address other than localaddr. resany=hexmask and resall=hexmask filter entries containing none or less than all, respectively, of the bits in hexmask, which must begin with 0x. The sortorder defaults to lstint and may be addr, avgint, count, lstint, or any of those preceded by ‘-’ to reverse the sort order. The output columns are:
Column Description
lstint Interval in seconds between the receipt of the most recent packet from this address and the completion of the retrieval of the MRU list by ntpq.
avgint Average interval in s between packets from this address.
rstr Restriction flags associated with this address. Most are copied unchanged from the matching restrict command, however 0x400 (kod) and 0x20 (limited) flags are cleared unless the last packet from this address triggered a rate control response.
r Rate control indicator, either a period, L or K for no rate control response, rate limiting by discarding, or rate limiting with a KoD response, respectively.
m Packet mode.
v Packet version number.
count Packets received from this address.
rport Source port of last packet from this address.
remote address
  host or DNS name, numeric address, or address followed by claimed DNS name which could not be verified in parentheses.
opeers [-4 | -6]
  Obtain and print the old-style list of all peers and clients showing dstadr (associated with the given IP version), rather than the refid.
passociations
  Perform the same function as the associations command, except that it uses previously stored data rather than making a new query.
peers Display a list of peers in the form:

    [tally]remote refid st t when pool reach delay offset jitter

Variable Description
[tally] single-character code indicating current value of the select field of the
.Lk decode.html#peer peer status word
remote host name (or IP number) of peer. The value displayed will be truncated to 15 characters unless the ntpq -w option is given, in which case the full value will be displayed on the first line, and if too long, the remaining data will be displayed on the next line.
refid source IP address or
.Lk decode.html#kiss 'kiss code
st stratum: 0 for local reference clocks, 1 for servers with local reference clocks, ..., 16 for unsynchronized server clocks
t u: unicast or manycast client, b: broadcast or multicast client, p: pool source, l: local (reference clock), s: symmetric (peer), A: manycast server, B: broadcast server, M: multicast server
when time in seconds, minutes, hours, or days since the last packet was received, or ‘-’ if a packet has never been received
poll poll interval (s)
reach reach shift register (octal)
delay roundtrip delay
offset offset of server relative to this host
jitter offset RMS error estimate.
pstats associd
  Display the statistics for the peer with the given associd: associd, status, remote host, local address, time last received, time until next send, reachability change, packets sent, packets received, bad authentication, bogus origin, duplicate, bad dispersion, bad reference time, candidate order.
readlist [associd]
rl [associd]
  Display all system or peer variables. If the associd is omitted, it is assumed to be zero.
readvar [associd name[=value ][, ...]]
rv [associd name[=value ][, ...]]
  Display the specified system or peer variables. If associd is zero, the variables are from the System Variables name space, otherwise they are from the Peer Variables name space. The associd is required, as the same name can occur in both spaces. If no name is included, all operative variables in the name space are displayed. In this case only, if the associd is omitted, it is assumed to be zero. Multiple names are specified with comma separators and without whitespace. Note that time values are represented in milliseconds and frequency values in parts-per-million (PPM). Some NTP timestamps are represented in the format YYYYMM DD TTTT, where YYYY is the year, MM the month of year, DD the day of month and TTTT the time of day.
reslist Display the access control (restrict) list for ntpq. Authentication is required.
saveconfig filename
  Save the current configuration, including any runtime modifications made by :config or config-from-file, to the NTP server host file filename. This command will be rejected by the server unless
.Lk miscopt.html#saveconfigdir saveconfigdir appears in the ntpd(8) configuration file. filename can use date(1) format specifiers to substitute the current date and time, for example, The filename used is stored in system variable savedconfig. Authentication is required.
sysinfo Display system operational summary: associd, status, system peer, system peer mode, leap indicator, stratum, log2 precision, root delay, root dispersion, reference id, reference time, system jitter, clock jitter, clock wander, broadcast delay, symm. auth. delay.
sysstats Display system uptime and packet counts maintained in the protocol module: uptime, sysstats reset, packets received, current version, older version, bad length or format, authentication failed, declined, restricted, rate limited, KoD responses, processed for time.
timerstats
  Display interval timer counters: time since reset, timer overruns, calls to transmit.
writelist associd
  Set all system or peer variables included in the variable list.
writevar associd name=value [, ...]
  Set the specified variables in the variable list. If the associd is zero, the variables are from the System Variables name space, otherwise they are from the Peer Variables name space. The associd is required, as the same name can occur in both spaces. Authentication is required.

Status Words and Kiss Codes

The current state of the operating program is shown in a set of status words maintained by the system. Status information is also available on a per-association basis. These words are displayed by the readlist and associations commands both in hexadecimal and in decoded short tip strings. The codes, tips and short explanations are documented on the
.Lk decode.html Event Messages and Status Words page. The page also includes a list of system and peer messages, the code for the latest of which is included in the status word.

Information resulting from protocol machine state transitions is displayed using an informal set of ASCII strings called
.Lk decode.html#kiss kiss codes . The original purpose was for kiss-o'-death (KoD) packets sent by the server to advise the client of an unusual condition. They are now displayed, when appropriate, in the reference identifier field in various billboards.

System Variables

The following system variables appear in the readlist billboard. Not all variables are displayed in some configurations.

Variable Description
status
.Lk decode.html#sys system status word
version NTP software version and build time
processor
  hardware platform and version
system operating system and version
leap leap warning indicator (0-3)
stratum stratum (1-15)
precision
  precision (log2 s)
rootdelay
  total roundtrip delay to the primary reference clock
rootdisp total dispersion to the primary reference clock
refid reference id or
.Lk decode.html#kiss kiss code
reftime reference time
clock date and time of day
peer system peer association id
tc time constant and poll exponent (log2 s) (3-17)
mintc minimum time constant (log2 s) (3-10)
offset combined offset of server relative to this host
frequency
  frequency drift (PPM) relative to hardware clock
sys_jitter
  combined system jitter
clk_wander
  clock frequency wander (PPM)
clk_jitter
  clock jitter
tai TAI-UTC offset (s)
leapsec NTP seconds when the next leap second is/was inserted
expire NTP seconds when the NIST leapseconds file expires
The jitter and wander statistics are exponentially-weighted RMS averages. The system jitter is defined in the NTPv4 specification; the clock jitter statistic is computed by the clock discipline module.

When the NTPv4 daemon is compiled with the OpenSSL software library, additional system variables are displayed, including some or all of the following, depending on the particular Autokey dance:
Variable Description
host Autokey host name for this host
ident Autokey group name for this host
flags host flags (see Autokey specification)
digest OpenSSL message digest algorithm
signature
  OpenSSL digest/signature scheme
update NTP seconds at last signature update
cert certificate subject, issuer and certificate flags
until NTP seconds when the certificate expires

Peer Variables

The following peer variables appear in the readlist billboard for each association. Not all variables are displayed in some configurations.

Variable Description
associd association id
status
.Lk decode.html#peer peer status word
srcadr source (remote) IP address
srcport source (remote) port
dstadr destination (local) IP address
dstport destination (local) port
leap leap indicator (0-3)
stratum stratum (0-15)
precision
  precision (log2 s)
rootdelay
  total roundtrip delay to the primary reference clock
rootdisp total root dispersion to the primary reference clock
refid reference id or
.Lk decode.html#kiss kiss code
reftime reference time
rec last packet received time
reach reach register (octal)
unreach unreach counter
hmode host mode (1-6)
pmode peer mode (1-5)
hpoll host poll exponent (log2 s) (3-17)
ppoll peer poll exponent (log2 s) (3-17)
headway headway (see
.Lk rate.html Rate Management and the Kiss-o'-Death Packet )
flash
.Lk decode.html#flash flash status word
keyid symmetric key id
offset filter offset
delay filter delay
dispersion
  filter dispersion
jitter filter jitter
bias unicast/broadcast bias
xleave interleave delay (see
.Lk xleave.html NTP Interleaved Modes )
The bias variable is calculated when the first broadcast packet is received after the calibration volley. It represents the offset of the broadcast subgraph relative to the unicast subgraph. The xleave variable appears only for the interleaved symmetric and interleaved modes. It represents the internal queuing, buffering and transmission delays for the preceding packet.

When the NTPv4 daemon is compiled with the OpenSSL software library, additional peer variables are displayed, including the following:
Variable Description
flags peer flags (see Autokey specification)
host Autokey server name
flags peer flags (see Autokey specification)
signature
  OpenSSL digest/signature scheme
initsequence
  initial key id
initkey initial key index
timestamp
  Autokey signature timestamp
ident Autokey group name for this association

Clock Variables

The following clock variables appear in the clocklist billboard for each association with a reference clock. Not all variables are displayed in some configurations.
Variable Description
associd association id
status
.Lk decode.html#clock clock status word
device device description
timecode ASCII time code string (specific to device)
poll poll messages sent
noreply no reply
badformat
  bad format
baddata bad date or time
fudgetime1
  fudge time 1
fudgetime2
  fudge time 2
stratum driver stratum
refid driver reference id
flags driver flags

OPTIONS

-4 -, --ipv4 Force IPv4 name resolution. This option must not appear in combination with any of the following options: ipv6.

Force resolution of following host names on the command line to the IPv4 namespace.

-6 -, --ipv6 Force IPv6 name resolution. This option must not appear in combination with any of the following options: ipv4.

Force resolution of following host names on the command line to the IPv6 namespace.

-c cmd , --command -= cmd run a command and exit. This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

The following argument is interpreted as an interactive format command and is added to the list of commands to be executed on the specified host(s).

-d -, --debug-level Increase debug verbosity level. This option may appear an unlimited number of times.

-D number , --set-debug-level -= number Set the debug verbosity level. This option may appear an unlimited number of times. This option takes an integer number as its argument.

-i -, --interactive Force ntpq to operate in interactive mode. This option must not appear in combination with any of the following options: command, peers.

Force ntpq to operate in interactive mode. Prompts will be written to the standard output and commands read from the standard input.

-n -, --numeric numeric host addresses.

Output all host addresses in dotted-quad numeric format rather than converting to the canonical host names.

--old-rv Always output status line with readvar.

By default, ntpq now suppresses the associd=... line that precedes the output of readvar (alias rv) when a single variable is requested, such as ntpq -c "rv 0 offset". This option causes ntpq to include both lines of output for a single-variable readvar. Using an environment variable to preset this option in a script will enable both older and newer ntpq to behave identically in this regard.

-p -, --peers Print a list of the peers. This option must not appear in combination with any of the following options: interactive.

Print a list of the peers known to the server as well as a summary of their state. This is equivalent to the 'peers' interactive command.

-r keyword , --refid -= keyword Set default display type for S2+ refids. This option takes a keyword as its argument. The argument sets an enumeration value that can be tested by comparing them against the option value macro. The available keywords are:
hash ipv4
or their numeric equivalent.

The default keyword for this option is:
   
ipv4

Set the default display format for S2+ refids.

-w -, --wide Display the full 'remote' value.

Display the full value of the 'remote' value. If this requires more than 15 characters, display the full value, emit a newline, and continue the data display properly indented on the next line.

-? -, --help Display usage information and exit.
-! -, --more-help Pass the extended usage information through a pager.
-> [cfgfile ], --save-opts [=cfgfile ] Save the option state to cfgfile. The default is the last configuration file listed in the OPTION PRESETS section, below. The command will exit after updating the config file.
-< cfgfile , --load-opts -= cfgfile , --no-load-opts Load options from cfgfile. The no-load-opts form will disable the loading of earlier config/rc/ini files. --no-load-opts is handled early, out of order.
--version [{v|c|n}] Output version of program and exit. The default mode is `v', a simple version. The `c' mode will print copyright information and `n' will print the full copyright notice.

OPTION PRESETS

Any option that is not marked as not presettable may be preset by loading values from configuration ("RC" or ".INI") file(s) and values from environment variables named:
  NTPQ_<option-name> or NTPQ
The environmental presets take precedence (are processed later than) the configuration files. The homerc files are "$HOME", and ".". If any of these are directories, then the file .ntprc is searched for within those directories.

ENVIRONMENT

See OPTION PRESETS for configuration environment variables.

FILES

See OPTION PRESETS for configuration files.

EXIT STATUS

One of the following exit values will be returned:
0 (EXIT_SUCCESS) Successful program execution.
1 (EXIT_FAILURE) The operation failed or the command syntax was not valid.
66 (EX_NOINPUT) A specified configuration file could not be loaded.
70 (EX_SOFTWARE) libopts had an internal operational error. Please report it to autogen-users@lists.sourceforge.net. Thank you.

AUTHORS

The University of Delaware and Network Time Foundation

COPYRIGHT

Copyright (C) 1992-2017 The University of Delaware and Network Time Foundation all rights reserved. This program is released under the terms of the NTP license, <http://ntp.org/license>.

BUGS

Please send bug reports to: http://bugs.ntp.org, bugs@ntp.org

NOTES

This manual page was AutoGen-erated from the ntpq option definitions.

NTPQ (8) February 27 2018

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