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Manual Pages  — RMT


rmt – remote magtape protocol module





The rmt utility is used by the remote dump and restore programs in manipulating a magnetic tape drive through an interprocess communication connection. It is normally started up with an rcmd(3) call.

The rmt utility accepts requests specific to the manipulation of magnetic tapes, performs the commands, then responds with a status indication. All responses are in ASCII and in one of two forms. Successful commands have responses of: A number\n

Number is an ASCII representation of a decimal number. Unsuccessful commands are responded to with: \n error-message\n

Error-number is one of the possible error numbers described in intro(2) and error-message is the corresponding error string as printed from a call to perror(3). The protocol is comprised of the following commands, which are sent as indicated - no spaces are supplied between the command and its arguments, or between its arguments, and ‘\n’ indicates that a newline should be supplied:
\n mode\nOpen the specified device using the indicated mode. Device is a full pathname and mode is an ASCII representation of a decimal number suitable for passing to open(2). If a device had already been opened, it is closed before a new open is performed.
Close the currently open device. The device specified is ignored.
whence\noffset\nPerform an lseek(2) operation using the specified parameters. The response value is that returned from the lseek(2) call.
W count\n
  Write data onto the open device. The rmt utility reads count bytes from the connection, aborting if a premature end-of-file is encountered. The response value is that returned from the write(2) call.
R count\n
  Read count bytes of data from the open device. If count exceeds the size of the data buffer (10 kilobytes), it is truncated to the data buffer size. The rmt utility then performs the requested read(2) and responds with A count-read\nif the read was successful; otherwise an error in the standard format is returned. If the read was successful, the data read is then sent.
\n count\nPerform a MTIOCOP ioctl(2) command using the specified parameters. The parameters are interpreted as the ASCII representations of the decimal values to place in the mt_op and mt_count fields of the structure used in the ioctl(2) call. The return value is the count parameter when the operation is successful.
S Return the status of the open device, as obtained with a MTIOCGET ioctl(2) call. If the operation was successful, an ``ack'' is sent with the size of the status buffer, then the status buffer is sent (in binary).

Any other command causes rmt to exit.


All responses are of the form described above.


rcmd(3), mtio(4), rdump(8), rrestore(8)


The rmt utility appeared in BSD 4.2 .


People should be discouraged from using this for a remote file access protocol.

RMT (8) June 1, 1994

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