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Manual Pages  — PWD


pwd – return working directory name



pwd [-L | -P]


The pwd utility writes the absolute pathname of the current working directory to the standard output.

Some shells may provide a builtin pwd command which is similar or identical to this utility. Consult the builtin(1) manual page.

The options are as follows:
  Display the logical current working directory.
  Display the physical current working directory (all symbolic links resolved).

If no options are specified, the -P option is assumed.


Environment variables used by pwd:
PWD Logical current working directory.


The utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


builtin(1), cd(1), csh(1), sh(1), getcwd(3)


The pwd utility conforms to IEEE Std 1003.1-2001 ("POSIX.1").


The pwd command appeared in AT&T v5 .


In csh(1) the command dirs is always faster because it is built into that shell. However, it can give a different answer in the rare case that the current directory or a containing directory was moved after the shell descended into it.

The -L option does not work unless the PWD environment variable is exported by the shell.

PWD (1) October 5, 2016

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