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Manual Pages  — AT45D

NAME

at45d – driver for DataFlash(tm) non-volatile storage devices

CONTENTS

SYNOPSIS

To compile this driver into the kernel, place the following line in your kernel configuration file: device at45d

Alternatively, to load the driver as a module at boot time, place the following line in loader.conf(5):

at45d_load="YES"

DESCRIPTION

The at45d driver provides support for the family of non-volatile storage devices known collectively as DataFlash(tm). DataFlash chips typically have part numbers beginning with AT45DB. The at45d driver supports only the SPI bus versions of each AT45DB device, indicated by the last digit of the part number being 1 or 2.

The at45d driver uses opcode 0x9f to read the manufacturer and device ID data to determine whether the device is supported. The device ID is looked up using a table of data within the driver which describes the attributes of each supported device, such as block size, sector size, and device capacity. When a supported device is found, the at45d driver creates a disk device and makes it accessible at /dev/flash/at45d?. The new disk device is then tasted by the available geom(4) modules as with any disk device.

HARDWARE

The at45d driver provides support for the following devices:

FDT CONFIGURATION

On an fdt(4) based system, the at45d device is defined as a slave device subnode of the SPI bus controller node. All properties documented in the spibus.txt bindings document can be used with the at45d device. The most commonly-used ones are documented below.

The following properties are required in the at45d device subnode:
compatible
  Must be the string "atmel,at45".
reg
  Chip select address of device.
spi-max-frequency
  The maximum bus frequency to use when communicating with this slave device. Actual bus speed may be lower, depending on the capabilities of the SPI bus controller hardware.

The following properties are optional for the at45d device subnode:
freebsd,sectorsize
  The sector size of the disk created for this storage device. It must be a multiple of the device's page size. The default is the device page size.
spi-cpha
  Empty property indicating the slave device requires shifted clock phase (CPHA) mode.
spi-cpol
  Empty property indicating the slave device requires inverse clock polarity (CPOL) mode.
spi-cs-high
  Empty property indicating the slave device requires chip select active high.

HINTS CONFIGURATION

On a device.hints(5) based system, such as MIPS, these values are configurable for at45d:
hint.at45d.%d.at
  The spibus the at45d instance is attached to.
hint.at45d.%d.clock
  The maximum bus frequency to use when communicating with this device. Actual bus speed may be lower, depending on the capabilities of the SPI bus controller hardware.
hint.at45d.%d.cs
  The chip-select number to assert when performing I/O for this device. Set the high bit (1 << 31) to invert the logic level of the chip select line.
hint.at45d.%d.mode
  The SPI mode (0-3) to use when communicating with this device.
hint.at45d.%d.sectorsize
  The sector size of the disk created for this storage device. It must be a multiple of the device's page size. The default is the device page size.

FILES

/dev/flash/at45d?
  Provides read/write access to the storage device.
/dev/flash/spi? An alias for the /dev/at45d? device, for backwards compatibility with older versions of the driver.

SEE ALSO

fdt(4), geom(4)

HISTORY

The at45d driver first appeared in FreeBSD 6.0 .

AT45D (4) March 2, 2019

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