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In general, customizations specific to a particular computer should be done in the /etc/dhclient.conf file.
|MEDIUM||The DHCP client is requesting that an interface's media type be set. The interface name is passed in $interface, and the media type is passed in $medium.|
The DHCP client is requesting that an interface be configured as
required in order to send packets prior to receiving an actual address.
This means configuring the interface with an IP address of 0.0.0.0
and a broadcast address of 255.255.255.255.
The interface name is passed in
and the media type in
If an IP alias has been declared in dhclient.conf(5), its address will be passed in $alias_ip_address, and that IP alias should be deleted from the interface, along with any routes to it.
|ARPSEND||The DHCP client is requesting that an address that has been offered to it be checked to see if somebody else is using it, by sending an ARP request for that address. It is not clear how to implement this, so no examples exist yet. The IP address to check is passed in $new_ip_address, and the interface name is passed in $interface.|
|ARPCHECK||The DHCP client wants to know if a response to the ARP request sent using ARPSEND has been received. If one has, the script should exit with a nonzero status, indicating that the offered address has already been requested and should be declined. The $new_ip_address and $interface variables are set as with ARPSEND.|
The DHCP client has done an initial binding to a new address.
The new IP address is passed in
and the interface name is passed in
The media type is passed in
Any options acquired from the server are passed using the option name
except that dashes
are replaced by underscores
in order to make valid shell variables, and the variable names start with
So for example, the new subnet mask would be passed in
When a binding has been completed, a lot of network parameters are likely to need to be set up. A new /etc/resolv.conf needs to be created, using the values of $new_domain_name and $new_domain_name_servers (which may list more than one server, separated by spaces). A default route should be set using $new_routers, and static routes may need to be set up using $new_static_routes.
If an IP alias has been declared, it must be set up here. The alias IP address will be written as $alias_ip_address, and other DHCP options that are set for the alias (e.g., subnet mask) will be passed in variables named as described previously except starting with "$alias_" instead of "$new_". Care should be taken that the alias IP address not be used if it is identical to the bound IP address ( $new_ip_address), since the other alias parameters may be incorrect in this case.
|RENEW||When a binding has been renewed, the script is called as in BOUND, except that in addition to all the variables starting with "$new_", there is another set of variables starting with "$old_". Persistent settings that may have changed need to be deleted - for example, if a local route to the bound address is being configured, the old local route should be deleted. If the default route has changed, the old default route should be deleted. If the static routes have changed, the old ones should be deleted. Otherwise, processing can be done as with BOUND.|
|REBIND||The DHCP client has rebound to a new DHCP server. This can be handled as with RENEW, except that if the IP address has changed, the ARP table should be cleared.|
|REBOOT||The DHCP client has successfully reacquired its old address after a reboot. This can be processed as with BOUND.|
|EXPIRE||The DHCP client has failed to renew its lease or acquire a new one, and the lease has expired. The IP address must be relinquished, and all related parameters should be deleted, as in RENEW and REBIND.|
|FAIL||The DHCP client has been unable to contact any DHCP servers, and any leases that have been tested have not proved to be valid. The parameters from the last lease tested should be deconfigured. This can be handled in the same way as EXPIRE.|
|TIMEOUT||The DHCP client has been unable to contact any DHCP servers. However, an old lease has been identified, and its parameters have been passed in as with BOUND. The client configuration script should test these parameters and, if it has reason to believe they are valid, should exit with a value of zero. If not, it should exit with a nonzero value.|
Before taking action according to $reason, dhclient-script will check for the existence of /etc/dhclient-enter-hooks. If found, it will be sourced (seesh(1)). After taking action according to $reason, dhclient-script will check for the existence of /etc/dhclient-exit-hooks. If found, it will be sourced (seesh(1)). These hooks scripts can be used to dynamically modify the environment at appropriate times during the DHCP negotiations. For example, if the administrator wishes to disable alias IP numbers on the DHCP interface, they might want to put the following in /etc/dhclient-enter-hooks:
[ ."$reason" = .PREINIT ] && ifconfig $interface 0.0.0.0
The usual way to test a lease is to set up the network as with REBIND (since this may be called to test more than one lease) and then ping the first router defined in $routers. If a response is received, the lease must be valid for the network to which the interface is currently connected. It would be more complete to try to ping all of the routers listed in $new_routers, as well as those listed in $new_static_routes, but current scripts do not do this.
The OpenBSD implementation of dhclient-script was written by Kenneth R. Westerback <Mt firstname.lastname@example.org>.
|DHCLIENT-SCRIPT (8)||September 6, 2010|
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Please direct any comments about this manual page service to Ben Bullock.
|“||Like a classics radio station whose play list spans decades, Unix simultaneously exhibits its mixed and dated heritage. There's Clash-era graphics interfaces; Beatles-era two-letter command names; and systems programs (for example, ps) whose terse and obscure output was designed for slow teletypes; Bing Crosby-era command editing (# and @ are still the default line editing commands), and Scott Joplin-era core dumps.||”|
|— The Unix Haters' handbook|