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Manual Pages  — REBOOT


reboot, halt, fastboot, fasthalt – stopping and restarting the system



halt [-lNnpq] [-k kernel]
reboot [-dlNnpqr] [-k kernel]
fasthalt [-lNnpq] [-k kernel]
fastboot [-dlNnpq] [-k kernel]


The halt and reboot utilities flush the file system cache to disk, send all running processes a SIGTERM (and subsequently a SIGKILL) and, respectively, halt or restart the system. The action is logged, including entering a shutdown record into the user accounting database.

The options are as follows:
  The system is requested to create a crash dump. This option is supported only when rebooting, and it has no effect unless a dump device has previously been specified with dumpon(8).
-k kernel
  Boot the specified kernel on the next system boot. If the kernel boots successfully, the default kernel will be booted on successive boots, this is a one-shot option. If the boot fails, the system will continue attempting to boot kernel until the boot process is interrupted and a valid kernel booted. This may change in the future.
  The halt or reboot is not logged to the system log. This option is intended for applications such as shutdown(8), that call reboot or halt and log this themselves.
  The file system cache is not flushed during the initial process clean-up, however the kernel level reboot(2) is still processed with a sync. This option can be useful for performing a "best-effort" reboot when devices might be unavailable. This can happen when devices have been disconnected, such as with iscsi(4).
  The file system cache is not flushed. This option should probably not be used.
  The system will turn off the power if it can. If the power down action fails, the system will halt or reboot normally, depending on whether halt or reboot was called.
  The system is halted or restarted quickly and ungracefully, and only the flushing of the file system cache is performed (if the -n option is not specified). This option should probably not be used.
  The system kills all processes, unmounts all filesystems, mounts the new root filesystem, and begins the usual startup sequence. After changing vfs.root.mountfrom with kenv(1), Fl can be used to change the root filesystem while preserving kernel state.

The fasthalt and fastboot utilities are nothing more than aliases for the halt and reboot utilities.

Normally, the shutdown(8) utility is used when the system needs to be halted or restarted, giving users advance warning of their impending doom and cleanly terminating specific programs.


Replace current root filesystem with UFS mounted from /dev/ada0s1a:
kenv vfs.root.mountfrom=ufs:/dev/ada0s1a
reboot -r

This mechanism can also be used with NFS, with a caveat that it only works with NFSv4, and requires a numeric IPv4 address:

kenv vfs.root.mountfrom=nfs:
reboot -r


kenv(1), getutxent(3), boot(8), dumpon(8), nextboot(8), savecore(8), shutdown(8), sync(8)


A reboot utility appeared in AT&T v6 .

REBOOT (8) March 19, 2017

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