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Manual Pages  — SERVICE


service – control (start/stop/etc.) or list system services



service [-j <jail name or id >] -e
service [-j <jail name or id >] -R
service [-j <jail name or id >] [-v] -l | -r
service [-j <jail name or id >] [-v] <rc.d script> start|stop|etc.


The service command is an easy interface to the rc.d system. Its primary purpose is to start and stop services provided by the rc.d scripts. When used for this purpose it will set the same restricted environment that is in use at boot time (see below). It can also be used to list the scripts using various criteria.

The options are as follows:
-j <jail name or id >
  Perform the given actions under the named jail.
  List services that are enabled. The list of scripts to check is compiled using rcorder(8) the same way that it is done in rc(8), then that list of scripts is checked for an "rcvar" assignment. If present the script is checked to see if it is enabled.
  Restart all enabled local services.
  List all files in /etc/rc.d and the local startup directories. As described in rc.conf(5) this is usually /usr/local/etc/rc.d. All files will be listed whether they are an actual rc.d script or not.
  Generate the rcorder(8) as in -e above, but list all of the files, not just what is enabled.
  Be slightly more verbose


When used to run rc.d scripts the service command sets HOME to / and PATH to /sbin:/bin:/usr/sbin:/usr/bin which is how they are set in /etc/rc at boot time.


The utility exits 0 on success, and >0 if an error occurs.


The following are examples of typical usage of the service command:

    service named status

    service -j dns named status

    service -rv

The following programmable completion entry can be use in bash(1) for the names of the rc.d scripts:

    _service () {

          local cur


          COMPREPLY=( $( compgen -W '$( service -l )' -- $cur ) )

          return 0


    complete -F _service service


bash(1) ( ports/shells/bash), rc.conf(5), rc(8), rcorder(8)


The service utility first appeared in FreeBSD 7.3 .


This manual page was written by Douglas Barton <Mt dougb@FreeBSD.org>.

SERVICE (8) January 15, 2018

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