When it starts, gptboot first reads the GPT and determines which drive and partition to boot from, as described under BOOTING, below. If it does not find an eligible partition, or if the user hits a key within three seconds, gptboot switches from auto-boot to interactive mode. Interactive mode allows manual selection of the disk, partition, filename, and boot option flags, as described in boot(8).
|Attempt to boot from this partition. If more than one partition has the bootme attribute set, gptboot will attempt to boot each one until successful.
|Attempt to boot from this partition only one time. Setting this attribute with gpart(8) automatically also sets the bootme attribute. Multiple partitions may have the bootonce and bootme attributes set.
|The bootfailed attribute marks partitions that had the bootonce attribute set, but failed to boot. This attribute is managed by the system. See BOOTING and POST-BOOT ACTIONS below for details.
The bootonce attribute can be used for testing an upgraded operating system on an already-working computer. The existing system partition is left untouched, and the new version of the operating system to be tested is installed on another partition. The bootonce attribute is set on that new test partition. The next boot is attempted from the test partition. Success or failure will be shown in the system log files. After a successful boot of the test partition, a user script can check the logs and change the bootme attributes so the test partition becomes the new system partition. Because the bootonce attribute is cleared after an attempted boot, a failed boot will not leave the system attempting to boot from a partition that will never succeed. Instead, the system will boot from the older, known-working operating system that has not been modified. If the bootme attribute is set on any partitions, booting will be attempted from them first. If no partitions with bootme attributes are found, booting will be attempted from the first UFS partition found.
|bootonce + bootme
|Highest priority: booting is attempted from each of the freebsd-ufs partitions with both of these attributes. On each partition, the bootme attribute is removed and the boot attempted.
|Middle priority: booting is attempted from each of the freebsd-ufs partitions with the bootme attribute.
If neither bootonce nor bootme attributes are found on any partitions, booting is attempted from the first freebsd-ufs partition on the disk.
|parameters for the boot blocks (optional)
Install gptboot on the ada0 drive:
gpart bootcode -b /boot/pmbr -p /boot/gptboot -i 1 ada0
gptboot can also be installed without the PMBR:
gpart bootcode -p /boot/gptboot -i 1 ada0
Set the bootme attribute for partition 2:
gpart set -a bootme -i 2 ada0
Set the bootonce attribute for partition 2, automatically also setting the bootme attribute:
gpart set -a bootonce -i 2 ada0
|March 18, 2022
|I define UNIX as “30 definitions of regular expressions living under one roof.”
|— Donald Knuth